5 Components of Reading

Does your Genius struggle with reading? If so, it’s important to identify in which area they struggle in.

The National Reading Panel identified 5 components of reading and I’ll go into them in greater detail below:

  1. Phonemic Awareness: the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds-phonemes–in spoken words. For example, the word cat has three phonemes (three different sounds for each letter) C-A-T.
  2. Phonics: the knowledge that letters of the alphabet represent phonemes and that these sounds are blended together to form written words. In order to master phonics your Genius must master the alphabet. Letters then need to be connected to their corresponding sounds. Readers who are skilled in phonics can sound out words they haven’t seen before, without first having to memorize them.
  3. Vocabulary Development: teaching new words, either as they appear in text or by introducing new words separately. When your Genius receives their spelling list each week, ask them to write each spelling word in a sentence to help enhance their vocabulary and their writing.
  4. Reading Fluency – the ability to recognize words easily, read with greater speed, accuracy, and expression, and to better understand what is read. Geniuses gain this skill by practicing reading aloud until it becomes automatic.
  5. Reading Comprehension– Is a culmination of the 4 skills above. While you are reading with your Genius, ask them questions about what they’ve read every two pages. At the end of the book, have them summarize the whole story.

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